Histological types of uterine fibroids in reproductive age and postmenopausal women

Authors: J. Kadlecová 1;  R. Hudeček 1;  L. Mekiňová 1 ;  P. Ventruba 1;  E. Jandáková 2
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF MU a FN, Brno, přednosta prof. MUDr. P. Ventruba, DrSc., MBA 1;  Ústav patologie LF MU a FN, Brno, přednosta doc. MUDr. L. Křen, Ph. D. 2
Published in: Ceska Gynekol 2015; 80(5): 360-364


To review the incidence of histologic variants of uterine fibroids of patients in reproductive age and postmenopause. Analysis of potential relations between histological fibroids variants and hormonal activity of the patient.

Retrospective analysis.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Masaryk University and University Hospital Brno.

Material and methods:
Retrospective analysis of 2,397 women who underwent myomectomy or hysterectomy at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Masaryk University and University Hospital Brno in years 2008–2014. According to input criteria – age of patients between 18–65 years, ultrasound confirmed uterine fibroid. Exclusion criteria was irregular menstrual cycle, hormonal therapy in history or hysterectomy performed for tumors of the small pelvis or for cancer of the uterus or cervix.

Group A consisted of 235 patients with regular menstrual cycles, between ages 18–40. Myomectomy was chosen for these patients.

Group B consisted of 433 postmenopausal patients between ages 50–65. Laparoscopic and abdominal hysterectomy was performed to these patients.

A statistically significant difference was observed in the occurrence of epithelioid type of leiomyoma between women age groups 18–40 and 50–65. In the group of postmenopausal women four malignant forms of leiomyoma were recorded, which were not statistically relevant.

After evaluating statistical analysis it was found, that there is a statistically significant difference in epithelioid type of uterine leiomyoma. Four patients were detected malignant variant of leiomyoma – leiomyosarcoma in the group of postmenopausal women.

uterine fibroid, histological type, reproductive age, postmenopause


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Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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