Estetrol and the possibilities of its clinical use

Authors: Křepelka Petr
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav pro péči o matku a dítě, Praha Katedra gynekologie a porodnictví IPVZ, Praha 3. LF UK, katedra gynekologie a porodnictví, Praha
Published in: Ceska Gynekol 2021; 86(3): 217-221


Combined hormonal contraceptive methods are one of the most commonly used methods of planned parenthood. They show high contraceptive effectiveness, reasonable cycle control and bring several non-contraceptive benefits. A limitation of the widespread use of combined hormonal contraception is the risk of cardiovascular complications in individuals with specific risk factors. The risk of cardiovascular complications is related to the used estrogen component. Currently, the most common use of estrogen in combined hormonal contraception is ethinyl estradiol and estradiol valerate. The good estrogenic part of combined oral contraceptives is estetrol, a hormone produced exclusively by the fetal liver. Estetrol exhibits a tissue-selective receptor activity. Unlike previously used estrogens, it does not negatively affect the production of liver proteins and blood clotting parameters. Estetrol is not a perspective for combined hormonal contraception only. It is also promising for treating and preventing osteoporosis, hormonal therapy of menopausal syndrome, and vulvovaginal atrophy syndrome.


estetrol – hormonal contraception – Estrogens – drospirenone – complications of hormonal contraception


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Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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