Secondary malignant tumors of the female genital tract


Authors: L. Minář 1 ;  V. Weinberger 1 ;  E. Jandáková 2
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF MU a FN Brno, přednosta prof. MUDr. P. Ventruba, DrSc. 1;  Ústav patologie LF MU a FN Brno, přednosta doc. MUDr. J. Feit, CSc. 2
Published in: Ceska Gynekol 2010; 75(6): 535-539

Overview

Objective:
Information sheet about metastatic tumors of the female genital tract.

Design:
Literature review with case reports.

Setting:
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk’s University and Fakulty Hospital, Brno.

Methods:
Literature review about metastatic tumors of the female genital tract with illustrative case reports.

Conclusions:
Secondary gynecological malignant tumors are much less common than primary tumors of the female genital tract with the exception cancer of the fallopian tube and the vagina. Primary malignant tumors of the fallopian tube and the vagina are rare, the primary location of the tumor usually is in other areas of the female genital tract and the tumor grows directly into the above-mentioned organs secondarily. There is talking about metastatic malignant tumors of the female genital tract in the strict sense in the case of extragenital primary origin the cancer. Metastases can be caused by direct penetration of the tumor from anatomically adjacent organs, particularly from the bladder and the rectum, or are going through the lymph or the blood vessels. The most common primary location of the tumor are the breast, the stomach and the bowel in this case. Secondary laesions of the female genital tract can be sometimes the first clinical manifestation of the primary extragenital malignant tumor, simultaneously represent clearly negative prognostic factor for the disease. Differential diagnostic algorithm for solving the secondary laesions of the female genital tract requires a multidisciplinary approach and cooperation with the pathologist and the clinical oncologist. Surgical treatment, the indication and extent based on adequately performed staging, is essential for the diagnosis of the primary tumor and is necessary as the palliative treatment for the elimination event. clinical symptoms and for the improving quality of the life.

Key words:
gynecological malignant tumors, metastasis, breast cancer, lymphoma, axilla dissection, hysterectomy.


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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