Ultrasound finding of endometrial polyp and factors increasing risk of malignancy


Authors: M. Koblížková 1 ;  P. Bretová 1;  M. Felsinger 1 ;  L. Minář 1 ;  M. Bednaříková 2 ;  V. Weinberger 1
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF MU a FN Brno 1;  Interní hematologická a onkologická klinika LF MU a FN Brno 2
Published in: Ceska Gynekol 2024; 89(1): 44-51
Category:
doi: https://doi.org/10.48095/cccg202444

Overview

This article presents a comprehensive review of factors that increase the risk of malignancy in ultrasound findings of an endometrial polyp. We collected original studies, reviews, and meta-analyses that dealt with the topic of endometrial polyps and the risk of developing endometrial cancer. Each presumed risk factor was analysed individually. According to searched studies, abnormal uterine bleeding, old age, and body mass index are valid risk factors for developing endometrial cancer in endometrial polyps. Lynch syndrome patients are also in a high-risk group for endometrial cancer. On the other hand, the number of polyps, their size, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and positive family history are factors with inconclusive results. There are either not enough data or different results among several studies.

Keywords:

Endometrial carcinoma – risk factors – abnormal uterine bleeding – tamoxifen – endometrial polyp – polyp size


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Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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