1. Adams, AK., Harvey, HE., Prince, RJ. Association of maternal smoking with overweight at age 3y in American indian children. Am J Clin Nutr, 2005, 82, p. 393-398.
2. Andersson, K., Arner, P. Systemic nicotine stimulates human addipose tissue lipolysis through local cholinergic and catecholaminergic receptors. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 2001, 25, p. 1225-1232.
3. Andres, RL., Day, MC. Perinatal complications associated with maternal tobacco use. Semin Neonatol, 2000, 5, p. 231-241.
4. Blake, KV., Currin, LC., Evans, SF., et al. Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy, low birth weight, and subsequent blood pressure in early childhood. Early Hum Dev, 2000, 57, p. 137-147.
5. Bray, GA. Medical consequences of obesity. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 2004, 89, p. 2583-2589.
6. Bruin, JE., Gerstein, HC., Morrison, KM., Holloway, AC. Increased pancreatic beta-cell apoptosis following fetal and neonatal exposure to nicotine is mediated via the mitochondria. Toxicol Sci, 2008, 103, p. 362-370.
7. DiFranza, JR., Aligne, CA., Weitzman, M. Prenatal and postnatal evironmental tobacco smoke exposure and children@s health. Pediatrics, 2004, 113 p. 1007-1015.
8. Hales, CN. Metabolic consequences of intrauterine growth retardation. Acta Pediatr, 1997, Suppl 423, p. 184-187.
9. Hamilton, MT., Hamilton, DG., Zderic, TW. Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Diabetes, 2007, 56, p. 2655- 2667.
10. Hammound, AO., Bujold, E., Sorokin, Y., et al. Smoking in pregnancy revisited: Findings from a large population-based study. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2005, 192, p. 1856-1862.
11. Holloway, AC., Cuu, DQ., Morrison, KM., et al. Transgenerational effects of fetal and neonatal exposure to nicotine. Endocrine, 2007, 31, p. 254-259.
12. Hrubá, D., Kachlík, P. Pregnancy – a great opportunity for smoking cessation. Scripta Medica, 1998, 71, p. 321-328.
13. Huang, ZG., Burke, V., Newnham, JP., et al. Perinatal and childhood origins of cardiovascular disease. Int J Obes [Lond], 2007, 31, p. 236-244.
14. Chen, A., Pennell, MI., Klebanoff, MA., et al. Maternal smoking during pregnancy in relation to child overweight: follow-up to age 8 years. Int J Epidemiol, 2006, 35, p. 121-130.
15. Joy, T., Lahiry, P., Pollex, RL., Hegele, RA. Genetics of metabolic syndrome. Curr Diab Rep, 2008, 8, p. 141-148.
16. Koupil, I., Toivanen, P. Social and early-life determinants of overweight and obesity in 18-year-old Swedish men. Int J Obes [Lond], 2007, 31, p. 245-252.
17. Kukla, L., Hrubá, D., Tyrlík, M. Průběh těhotenství a vývoj plodu u kouřících a nekouřících žen. Čes Gynek, 1999, 64, s. 271-274.
18. Lawlor, DA., Najman, JM., Sterne, J., et al. Associations of parental, birth, and early life characteristics with systolic blood pressure at 5 years of age: Findings from the Mater-University study of pregnancy and its outcomes. Circulation, 2004, 110, p. 2417-2423.
19. Lawrence, J., Xiao, D., Xue, Q., et al. Prenatal nicotine exposure increases heart susceptibility to ischemia reperfussion injury in adult offsprings. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 2008, 324, p. 331-341.
20. Leary, SD., Smith,GD., Rogers, IS., et al. Smoking during pregnancy and offspring fat and lean mass in childhood. Obesity (Silver Spring), 2006, 14, p. 2284-2293.
21. Liu, RH., Mizuta, M., Matsukura, S. The expression and functional role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in rat addipocytes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 2001, 310, p. 52-58.
22. Lumley, J., Oliver, SS., Chamberlain, C., Oakley, L. Intervention for promoting smoking cessation during pregnancy. Ochrane Database Syst Rev, 2004; CD001055.
23. Meyer, K., Lubo, Z. Fetal programming of cardiac function and disease. Reprod Sci, 2007, 14, p. 209-216.
24. Mizutani, T., Suzuki, K., Kondo, N., Yamagata, Z. Association of maternal lifestyles including smoking during pregnancy with childhood obesity. Obesity [Silver-Spring], 2007, 15, p. 3133-3139.
25. Montgomery, SM., Ekbom, A. Smoking during pregnancy and diabetes mellitus in a British longitudinal birth cohort. BMJ, 2002, 324, p. 26-27.
26. Obunai, K., Jani, S., Dangas, GD. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality of the metabolic syndrome. Med Clin N Am, 2007, 91, p. 1160-1184.
27. Oken, E., Levitan, EB., Gillman, MW. Maternal smoking during pregnancy and child overweight: systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Obes [Lond], 2008, 32, p. 201-210.
28. Osmond, C., Barker, DJ., Winter, PD., et al. Early growth and death from cardiovascular disease in women. BMJ, 1993, 307, p. 1519-1524.
29. Pachlopnik Schmid, JM., Kuehni, CE., Strippoli, MP., et al. Maternal tobacco smoking and decreased leukocytes, icluding dendritic cells, in neonates. Pediatr Res, 2007, 61, p. 462-466.
30. Pausova, Z., Paus, T., Sedova, L., Berubem J. Prenatal exposure to nicotine modifies kidney weight and blood pressure in genetically susceptible rats: a case of gene-environment interaction. Kidney Int, 2003, 64, p. 829-835.
31. Power, C., Jefferis, BJ. Fetal environment and subsequent obesity: a study of maternal smoking. Int J Epidemiol, 2002, 31, p. 413-419.
32. Rogers, JM. Tobacco and pregnancy. ReprodToxicol, 2009, doi:10.1016/j.reprotoc.2009.03.012.
33. Roza, SJ., Verburg, BO., Jaddoe, VWV., et al. Effects of maternal smoking in pregnancy on prenatal brain development. The Generation R Study. Eur J Neurosci, 2007, 25, p. 611-617.
34. Salsberry, PJ., Reagan, PB. Taking a long view: the prenatal environment and early adolescent overweight. Res Nurs Health, 2007, 30, p. 297-307.
35. Scuteri, A., Najjar, SS., Morrell, C., Lakatta, EG. The metabolic syndrome in older individuals: prevalence and prediction of cardiovascular events: the cardiovascular healthy study. Diaberes Care, 2005, 28, p. 882-887.
36. Sekhon, HS., Proskocil, BJ., Clark, JA., Spindel, ER. Prenatal nicotine exposure increases connective tissue expression in fetal monkey pulmonary vessels. Eur Respir J, 2004, 23, p. 906-915.
37. Shenassa, ED., Brown, MJ. Maternal smoking and infantile gastrointestinal dysregulation: the case of colic. Pediatrics, 2004, 114, p. e497-505.
38. Somm, E., Schwitzgebel, VM., Vauthay, DM., et al. Prenatal nicotine exposure and the programming of metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Mol Cell Endocrin, 2009, 304, p. 69-77.
39. Somm, E., Schwitzgebel, VM., Vauthay, DM., et al. Prenatal nicotine exposure alters early pancreatic islet and addipose tissue development with consequences on the control of body weight and glucose metabolism later in life. Endocrinology, 2008, 149, p. 6289-6299.
40. Sowan, NA., Stember, ML. Effects of maternal prenatal smoking on infant growth and development of obesity. J Perinat Educ, 2000, 9, p. 22-29.
41. Toschke, AM., Montgomery, SM., Pfeiffer, U., von Kries, R. Early intrauterine exposure to tobacco-inhaled products and obesity. Am J Epidemiol, 2003, 158, p. 1068-1074.
42. Xiao, D., Huang, X., Lawrence, J., et al. Fetal and neonatal nicotine exposure differentially regulates vascular contractility in adult male and female offsprings. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 2007, 320, p. 654-661.
43. Zeskind, PS., Gingras, JL. Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy disrupts rhytms in fetal heart rate. J Pediatr Psychol, 2006, 31, p. 5-14.