Methods and techniques of fertility preservation in patients with endometriosis

Authors: I. Sisková;  L. Mekiňová ;  R. Hudeček ;  M Ješeta ;  S. Šimová
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF MU a FN Brno
Published in: Ceska Gynekol 2023; 88(6): 454-458


: Objective: Endometriosis is a chronic disease with a relatively high prevalence in the female population. Both the disease itself and its surgical treatment can adversely affect the fertility of patients. For this reason, endometriosis is offered as a possible indication for fertility preservation by cryopreservation methods. The aim of this paper is to present the current knowledge on the options of fertility preservation in this subpopulation. Methods: Search of relevant literature in PubMed/Medline, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Results: Fertility preservation by cryopreservation methods has so far been used mainly in the care of women with cancer. With increasing experience, the effectiveness and availability of these methods have increased significantly and the indication spectrum has been extended to selected benign diseases such as endometriosis. Three techniques are currently established in practice: embryo cryopreservation, oocyte cryopreservation and ovarian tissue cryopreservation. Oocyte cryopreservation is the most commonly used technique, since it is the most advantageous for the patient and, according to the available data, is an effective way to increase the chances of future pregnancy for patients with endometriosis The purpose is to realize the protection of reproduction before the planned operation. Conclusion: The diagnosis of endometriosis negatively affects the fertility of women. For some patients, the solution is fertility preservation by cryopreservation methods. Further clinical studies are needed to define exact, practically applicable indication criteria, potential risks of procedures and their benefits and cost-effectiveness.


Endometriosis – fertility preservation – oocyte cryopreservation – embryo cryopreservation – ovarian tissue cryopreservation


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