Pregnancy termination indications and outcomes before 24 weeks of gestation – a case series


Authors: Ş. Doğru 1 ;  F. Akkuş 1 ;  A. A. Atci 1 ;  A. C. Erdoğan 2 ;  A. Acar 2
Authors‘ workplace: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Perinatology, Necmettin Erbakan University Medical School of Meram, Konya, Turkey 1;  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Necmettin Erbakan University Medical School of Meram, Konya, Turkey 2
Published in: Ceska Gynekol 2023; 88(6): 428-434
Category: Original Article
doi: https://doi.org/10.48095/cccg2023428

Overview

Objective: This study aimed to assess termination of pregnancy (TOP) indications and obstetric outcomes before the 24th gestational week. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study that includes terminations performed in singleton pregnancies between December 2021 and December 2022 in the Perinatology Clinic of Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Medical Faculty. According to the reasons for TOP, all patients were divided into three groups: maternal, fetal, and obstetric reasons. The termination approach and outcomes were evaluated in all cases. Results: A total of 210 patients were included in the study. Considering termination indications, 18 (8.5%) patients had maternal causes, 127 (60.5%) had fetal causes, and 65 (31%) had obstetric causes. Maternal causes were significantly higher in the 1st trimester and fetal causes in the 2nd trimester (P = 0.001). In the maternal group, 77.8% dilatation and curettage were used, 70.1% misoprostol and 29.9% misoprostol + Foley catheter in the fetal group, and 66.2% misoprostol in the obstetric group (P = 0.0001). The length of hospital stay and recurrent revision curettage were not statistically different between the fetal, maternal, and obstetric groups (P = 0.099, P = 0.8, respectively). Conclusion: Termination options should be offered for complicated pregnancies due to fetal, maternal, or obstetric reasons. Pregnancy termination week and indication affect morbidity.

Keywords:

morbidity – pregnancy – termination – fetal anomaly


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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Czech Gynaecology

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2023 Issue 6

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